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The Sex Chromosomes of Frogs: Variability and Tolerance provide Clues to Genome Evolution and Function

The Sex Chromosomes of Frogs: Variability and Tolerance provide Clues to Genome Evolution and Function

Jacob W. Malcom, Randal S. Kudra, John H. Malone

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 06269 USA

Frog intercourse chromosomes offer a system that is ideal advancing our comprehension of genome evolution and function due to the number of intercourse determination systems into the group, the variety of intercourse chromosome maturation states, the convenience of experimental manipulation during early development. After quickly sex that is reviewing biology generally speaking, we concentrate on what exactly is known about frog sex determination, intercourse chromosome development, and recent, genomics-facilitated improvements on the go. To summarize we highlight gaps within our present knowledge of frog sex chromosomes, and recommend priorities for future research that will advance broad familiarity with gene dosage and intercourse chromosome development.

Keyword phrases: Homomorphic, aneuploidy, dosage, settlement, intercourse dedication

Introduction

Alterations in gene content quantity are a crucial way to obtain variation for development, but brand new content figures that change gene dosage usually presents a challenge for organismal success. Read more